Cookies are small text files stored on the user’s computer by a website when it is visited. Cookies consist of code strings to execute automatic authentication, session tracking and data storage for information specifically related to the users accessing your Internet site. Cookies allow web servers to store information on computer browsers to be used during the same visit to the website (session cookies) or at a later stage, including after several days (persistent cookies). Depending on the settings of each single user, cookies are stored by each specific browser on the specific device in use (computers, tablets, smartphones).
Similar technologies, e.g. web beacons, clear GIFs and all other forms of local storage introduced with HTML5 can be used to collect information on users’ behaviour and how they use the various services.
In the rest of this document reference will be made to cookies and to all similar technologies under the name of “cookies” for short.
Various cookie types can be distinguished depending on their characteristics and usage:
- Strictly necessary cookies: These are cookies which are strictly necessary to ensure the proper operation of this Internet site and are used to manage the login function and the access to reserved functions of the website. The duration of these cookies is strictly limited to the functions incorporated in the website. If these cookies are disabled the services which can be accessed after logging in are no longer accessible. The public section of this website can still be used.
- Analysis and performance cookies: These cookies are used to collect and analyse traffic and the use of the website anonymously. Cookies can detect whether any given user – without identifying him or her – goes back to a certain website at different times and also make it possible to keep the system monitored and to enhance the system’s performance and usability. These cookies may be disabled without interfering with the functionality of the website.
- Profiling cookies: Profiling cookies are used to detect, whether anonymously or otherwise – users’ preferences and enhance their online experience. No profiling cookies are used in this website.
Third party cookies
When visiting a website cookies can be received from the website itself (‘proprietary cookies’) or from cookies managed by other entities (‘third party cookies’). A notable example is the presence of a ‘social plugin’ for Facebook, Twitter, Google+ and LinkedIn. These are parts of a website page directly generated by these sites and integrated into the web page of the hosting site. The most popular function of asocial plugin is sharing content on social networks.
If a plugin is installed then cookies must be transmitted from and to all third-party managed websites. How the information collected by third parties is managed is described in the related information notices for each social network which users should check. For more transparency and ease of reference the website addresses for the various information notices and cookie management modes are reported below.
Facebook information notice: https://www.facebook.com/help/cookies/
Facebook (settings): log into your account. Privacy section.
Twitter information notice: https://support.twitter.com/articles/20170514
Twitter (settings): https://twitter.com/settings/security
Linkedin information notice: https://www.linkedin.com/legal/cookie-policy
Linkedin (settings): https://www.linkedin.com/settings/
Google+ information notice: http://www.google.it/intl/it/policies/technologies/cookies/
Google+ (settings): http://www.google.it/intl/it/policies/technologies/managing/
This website also features some Google Analytics components, a tool for website traffic analysis supplied by Google, Inc. (‘Google’). These are third party cookies collected and managed anonymously in order to monitor and enhance the performance of the hosting site (performance cookies).
Cookies are used by Google Analytics to analyse anonymously the information on the usage behaviours of this website (including the user’s IP address). Such data are collected by Google Analytics and processed in order to produce appropriate reports for the operators of this website. This website does not use (or allow third parties to use) the Google analysis tool to monitor and collect personal identification information. Google does not associate a website’s IP address to any other data owned by Google and does not associate an IP address to a user’s identity. Google may disclose such data to third parties where this is requested by law or where such third parties deal with information on behalf of Google.
For further information please consult: https://www.google.it/policies/privacy/partners/
Users can selectively disable Google Analytics by installing onto their browsers the opt-out widget supplied by Google. To disable Google Analytics please refer to: https://tools.google.com/dlpage/gaoptout
Expiration dates for cookies
Some cookies (session cookies) expire when the browser is closed or when the logout command is executed. Other cookies are not destroyed when the browser is closed and stay available for subsequent user’s visits to the same website.
These are called persistent cookies and their expiration date is set by the server when they are created. Sometimes they have an expiration date, sometimes their duration is unlimited. No persistent cookies are used in this website.
However, while surfing this Internet website you may interact with websites managed by third parties which may set up or edit permanent or profiling cookies.
Users are free to decide whether to accept cookies via their browsers.
Caution Fully or partially disabling technical cookies may jeopardise the use of the site functions reserved to registered users. Conversely, public content remains fully available even when cookies are entirely disabled.
Disabling third party cookies does not affect website navigability.
Settings can be defined in specific ways for specific websites and web applications. In addition, the best browsers make it possible to define different settings for proprietary and third party cookies.
For example in Firefox by clicking on Tools ->Options ->Privacy you can access a control panel where you can decide whether to enable or disable the different types of cookies and possibly remove them.